There were always Jews in punk, even before there was punk.
ěIt really begins with Lenny Bruce,î says Steven Beeber, whose new
book ěThe Heebie Jeebies at CBGBs: A Secret History of Jewish Punk,î
will be published next year by A Capella Books. ěBruce sort of
epitomizes the attitude, the whole smart-ass, clever truth-telling.î
In fact, the punk attitude is also a Jewish attitude that begins
with the midrash, in which Abram smashes all but one of his fatherís
household idols and blames the sole survivor for the wreckage.
In its early days, punk was not only a form of music but also a
philosophy, a way of looking at the world. And for three Jewish women
musicians, it still is all that and more.
Jewlia Eisenberg, the founder and leader of Charming Hostess, a
constantly mutating musical aggregation from the Bay Area, embraces the
label ěJewish punk divaî with glee.
ěPunk is a form of opposition,î Eisenberg wrote in an e-mail
interview. ěReal punks are radical in politics and culture. Punk is
about screaming and dancing your way out of the margins. Punk is
anti-materialist, DIY, direct, and in your face. Punk is a point of
view; itís a site of resistance, itís a community.... And I can get
with all that.î
But if you listen to records made by Charming Hostess ó or Annette
Ezekielís band Golem or Sophie Solomonís Oi Va Voi ó and expect
shrieking three-chord rock played at the speed of light and the
threshold of permanent hearing damage, you will be surprised. And if
you are looking for torn T-shirts, safety pins and Doc Martens ... well
thatís so 1970s.
Or as Eisenberg dryly observes, ě[Punk] is not defined simply by its
symbols, which indeed are used to commodify punk and the energy it
Although the original spirit of punk was a kind of working-class
outrage, expressed through a do-it-yourself homemade aesthetic,
Eisenberg, Ezekiel and Solomon are university-educated, trained
musicians. Of course, punk itself moved beyond three chords and
inchoate snarls almost immediately, but the music of Charming Hostess,
Golem and Oi Va Voi is stunning in its complexity.
Which is not to say you canít dance to it.
When Golem played a couple of weddings during their West Coast tour this fall, there were horas and mosh pits side by side.
ěOh, yeah, that was our moshiest tour so far,î Ezekiel says with a grin.
So is Golem punk?
ěItís hard to label our music,î Ezekiel says. ěIím doing straight-up
Yiddish music with a punk or rock attitude, but itís not something you
can see from the music.î
Heeb Magazine thinks they are punk, so much so that they won the
award as ěbest punk bandî at the publicationís first Jewish Music
Awards. Reminded of this, Ezekiel laughed a little then noted that a
friend of the late Joey Ramone, who was given a posthumous lifetime
achievement award at the same ceremony, came up to her after hearing
Golem and said approvingly, ěYou are so punk!î
For Ezekiel, too, itís a question of attitude. She compares Golemís
approach to that of some of the more tradition-bound klezmer revival
ěI know deep down that we are punk, that we are a wild, edgy band,î
she says. ěI love the klezmer revival, but sometimes itís missing the
visceral energy, and everyone is playing the same material.î
By contrast, Golem leans more heavily on songs from Yiddish theater,
perhaps not in a style that Molly Picon or Seymour Rechseit would
ěPeople are always asking us why we donít play more originals,î
Ezekiel says. ěI have no interest in writing songs. The research is
what I love, and we reinterpret the songs we find by adding new
By contrast, much of Charming Hostessís material is written by
Eisenberg, although she draws on a bewildering variety of texts for her
lyrics, ranging from the correspondence and diaries of Walter Benjamin
to the verse of Bosnian poet Sem Mehmedinovic. She runs them through
her own cerebral Mixmaster and creates delirious music for three female
voices and occasional instrumental accompaniment. The result is best
described by Ari Davidow, proprietor of the splendid KlezmerShack Web
site (www.klezmershack.com) as ěwhat Sweet Honey in the Rock might
sound like if they had a bit more punk sensibility and broadened their
range to include Balkan Ladino and Jewish campfire tunes.î
Eisenberg herself describes Charming Hostessí music as
ěnerdy-sexy-commie-girlie,î and can number Ezekiel as one her most
enthusiastic fans. Golem and Charming Hostess played a number of
concerts together in California last fall, each described the
experience as a joy.
ěWe even did some tunes together, which was great fun,î Eisenberg notes.
ěIíve never been so happy with a double bill before,î Ezekiel says.
ěWeíre both really into the background and research and culture behind
the music we perform, but weíre not bogged down by it.î
ěI was talking to Annette today,î Eisenberg wrote, ěand I told her
why I think the ... music of Charming Hostess and the raucous klezmer
of Golem are a good double bill; Charming Hostess does avant music
framed by a folk sensibility and Golem does folk music framed by an
Sophie Solomon, like Eisenberg and Ezekiel, was trained as a
classical musician. Her own sensibility is certainly avant, although
she would probably opt for hip-hop rather than punk as a label, and Oi
Va Voiís wildly energetic mix of Yiddish, Balkan, Roma, rock and rap
undoubtedly draws on as wide a range of folk musics as Hostess or
Asked about Solomon, Ezekiel exclaims, ěYeah! Sheís taking the old
stuff and making it sexy, wild and contemporarily relevant. Totally!î
Solomonís own musical background includes stints as a DJ at clubs
and raves in her native England, and she is probably as well-known here
for her collaboration with Josh Dolgin, better known as Socalled, on
the ěHip-Hop Khasene,î a spirited meeting of Jewish wedding,
turntablism, sampling and rap, as for her frenetic fiddle playing with
Oi Va Voi. Coincidentally, Golem was also part of a highly publicized
musical spoof of Jewish wedding traditions, ěGolem Gets Married,î
featuring a cross-dressing bride and groom and the bandís spirited
musical readings of traditional tunes.
ěHip-Hop Khaseneî is a project that speaks directly to Solomonís own
interests and underlines her affinities with Eisenberg and Ezekiel.
ěI want to evoke the Jewish musical experience of the past two
centuries,î she says, discussing the live version of ěKhasene.î ěYou
hear a sample from Naftule Brandwein at the same time that
[80-year-old] Elaine Hoffman Watts is playing onstage with David
Krakauer and me.î
Socalledís sampling magic and breakbeat manipulation speak directly
to Solomonís desire to combine Jewish music cross-generationally and
her own cross-cultural influences.
ěThe collage nature of what Josh does is particularly interesting to
me,î she says. ěI wanted to do something that is authentic ó these are
real, living wedding traditions ó and the concert is like a wedding
from beginning to end, the wedding ceremony from ëDobridení to ëZay
Gezunt.í But I also wanted to do something that raises questions about
what ëauthenticí is. This isnít 19th-century Eastern Europe.î
In a way, Solomonís remark about authenticity sums up the distance
that punk has traveled from the Sex Pistols, the Dictators and the
Ramones through the hip-hop world and into the contemporary Jewish
music world inhabited by Charming Hostess, Golem and Oi Va Voi. As
Steven Beeber says, ěHip-hop is the new punk, and has been for a long
So are these women Jewish punk divas or Jewish hip-hop divas or what?
Ari Davidow, a particularly astute observer of everything klezmer
and beyond, remarks, ěThe issue ... is less punk than mash-up ó the
incredible variety of sounds you get when people who have grown up part
of the rich tapestry of musical heritages now care enough about Jewish
sources to do a Jewish remix.î
Charming Hostessís most recent album is ěSarajevo Blues,î on the
Tzadik label. They will probably be performing in Los Angeles in
February. Golemís most recent CD is ěHomesick Songsî on Aeronaut
Records. Oi Va Voiís most recent recording, ěLaughter Through Tears,î
is on the Outcaste label, and ěHip-Hop Khaseneî by Solomon and Socalled
is widely available.
George Robinson is the film and music critic for Jewish Week;
his new book, ěEssential Torah,î will be published by Shocken Books in